CRM stands for Customer Relationship Management, and it refers to the practices, strategies, and technologies that companies use to manage and analyze customer interactions and data throughout the customer lifecycle, with the goal of improving customer satisfaction, loyalty, and retention.

A CRM system is a software application that helps businesses manage their interactions with customers, clients, and sales prospects. It provides a centralized repository for storing and analyzing customer data, and offers tools for automating and streamlining various customer-facing processes, such as sales, marketing, and customer service.

CRM systems typically include features such as contact management, lead management, sales tracking, marketing automation, and customer service and support. Some CRM systems may also include additional capabilities, such as analytics and reporting, collaboration and teamwork, and mobile access.
CRM technology can be deployed on-premises, in the cloud, or as a hybrid solution, depending on the needs and preferences of the business.

By using a CRM system, businesses can gain a comprehensive view of their customers, track customer interactions and behaviors, and identify opportunities for up-selling and cross-selling. They can also improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their sales, marketing, and customer service efforts, and drive customer satisfaction and loyalty.

The use of CRM systems has become increasingly widespread in recent years, with businesses of all sizes and in various industries using CRM to manage their customer relationships and drive growth.